Testing Hardwired Audio with Linux
  • 17 Dec 2021
  • 2 Minutes to read
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Testing Hardwired Audio with Linux

  • Dark
  • PDF

Article summary


This article takes you through the steps to test audio using the audio codec and headset jack on various TechNexion baseboards include that of PICO-PI, PICO-WIZARD, AXON-PI, AXON-WIZARD, and Wandboard EDM-G. These baseboards make use of an integrated headphone and microphone jack. This is best tested with combo stereo headset and mic used in standard mobile handsets.We have tested using the following headsets:



Apple combo headphones for mobile handsets do not work with the codecs on these baseboards.

Gather information on the Audio Devices

# cat /proc/asound/cards 
 0 [audiohdmi      ]: audio-hdmi - audio-hdmi
 1 [wm8960audio    ]: wm8960-audio - wm8960-audio

You can also get a list of device names:

# aplay -L
   Discard all samples (playback) or generate zero samples (capture)
   PulseAudio Sound Server
   Default Audio Device
   Default Audio Device

Step 1 -- Audio playback test

To play files, issue the commands:

    # aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Front_Left.wav

for the right channel:

    # aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Front_Right.wav

Select the device you want to play through using the -D argument:

    # aplay -D hw:1 /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Front_Right.wav

or, use the speaker test application to perform a simple test:

    # speaker-test -t wav -c 2 -D hw:0

Note that if you want to send data out of specific card (you may have multiple cards), you can change the hw: argument to select the card number.

    # speaker-test -t wav -c 2 -D hw:1

The filenames can be anything as long as they can test the right and left channels. If you don't have a .wav audio file to use for testing, you should be able to easily find one on the net, such as this one:


If you have your unit connected to a local network, you can easily download this file:

    # wget http://www.kozco.com/tech/LRMonoPhase4.wav

Then you can play it:

    # aplay LRMonoPhase4.wav

Step 2 -- Test audio recording using a microphone

Set the microphone as the capture device:In the terminal prompt:

    # amixer sset 'Capture Mux' 'MIC_IN'
    # amixer sset 'Capture' 100

Set the mic volume to 2 (67%). We found that on most headsets, the gain is too high and the recorded sound is quite distorted.

    # amixer sset 'Mic' 2

Connect the microphone and use the command:

    # arecord -d 5 -vv -fdat /tmp/test.wav

This will record for 5 seconds. You can also use Ctrl+C to stop recording.Verify that the recording works by playing back the sound by:

    # aplay /tmp/test.wav

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